How to cite a Tweet in Chicago

Chicago style tweet citation

To cite a tweet in a reference entry in Chicago style 17th edition include the following elements:

  1. Author(s) of the tweet (@handle): Give the name and, user handle in parenthesis.
  2. Text of the tweet: Add the first sentence or the most important words to describe the post.
  3. Date of posting: Give the month, day and year of publication.
  4. URL: Give the full URL from the direct source. Include http:// or https://.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a tweet in Chicago style 17th edition:

Author(s) of the tweet (@handle). "Text of the tweet." Twitter, Date of posting. URL.

Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the Chicago style guidelines in action:


Tweet by an individual user

Gates, Bill (@BillGates). "2018 National Teacher of the Year @MandyRheaWrites told me about the remarkable resilience of her students. I was inspired by their stories and Mandy’s ability to connect with them: #ThankATeacher." Twitter, May 9, 2019.

Tweet by a group

Education Week (@educationweek). "See how each state performed on school spending and equity in our latest #QualityCounts installment." Twitter, June 9, 2019.

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