Vancouver citation generator

Cite websites, books, articles, ...

vancouver citation generator

Cite websites, books, articles, ...

What is an Vancouver citation generator and how can it help you?

Getting citations and reference lists correctly done can be very confusing and time-consuming.

The Vancouver citation style is very complex, as it has many different variations within the style, which opens the door for confusion and mistakes.

The good news is that our Vancouver citation generator can do it automatically for you and it is FREE to use! ๐ŸŽ‰

Not convinced yet? Here are 5 reasons why you are going to love the BibGuru Vancouver citation maker:

๐Ÿš€ Fast

๐Ÿ˜Œ Completely ad-free

๐Ÿ‘Œ Simple and intuitive interface

๐ŸŽ“ Vancouver, APA, MLA, Chicago and thousands of other citation styles

๐Ÿฅ‡ Most accurate citation data

With BibGuru we have made a citation tool that truly helps students to focus on the content of their work instead of worrying about how to get their reference list correctly done.

Those days of wasting time entering data manually or losing grades on incorrect bibliographies are finally gone!

If you need to know more about Vancouver citations check out our How do I cite in Vancouver style? section.

Why, when, and what do I have to cite?

Why
The broad scientific knowledge we have today is the accomplishment of many researchers over time. To put your own contribution in context, it is important to cite the work of the researchers who influenced you.

Cited sources can provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer important definitions and data. Citing also shows that you have personally read the work.


When
In addition to crediting the ideas of others that you used to build your own argument, you need to provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not common knowledge.

Common knowledge is knowledge that is known by everyone, or nearly everyone, and can basically concern any subject. An example for common knowledge would be "There are seven days in a week".


What
The number of sources you cite in your work depends on the intent of the paper. In most cases, you will need to cite one or two of the most representative sources for each key point.

However, if you are working on a review article, the aim is to present to the readers everything that has been written on a topic, so you will need to include a more exhaustive list of citations.

What is the Vancouver citation style?

Citing machine book image

The Vancouver citation style is a numeric citation system used in biomedical, health and some science publications. It uses numbers within the text that refer to numbered entries in the reference list.

Hundreds of scientific journals use author-number systems, which essentially follow the same logic (numbered citations pointing to numbered list entries), but are different in trivial details such as punctuation, casing of titles and italic.

The Vancouver style is pretty new amongst these citation styles, it was first defined in 1978 at the conference of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) in Vancouver, Canada.

The Vancouver style is now published in Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (NLM), and is mainly focused on citation style and bibliographic style.

How do I cite in Vancouver style?

These are the main conventions when using the Vancouver style for your paper:

  • Numeric references are used in the text, mostly numbers in brackets, e.g. (1)
  • The same citation number is used whenever the same source is cited in the text
  • These in-text numbers are matched to full, numbered references for each publication in the reference list
  • The reference list is sorted in the order the citations appeared in the text, not alphabetically
  • Very little punctuation is used
  • Abbreviations which are already well-established are used for journal titles
  • If you have written a section of your text with several references, you can indicate that by listing each source separated by a comma
  • Authors should be cited by last name, then initials (e.g. Levoy G.), with no comma between last name and initials, nor full stop after the initials or spaces between the initials. Indicate the end of the author's name with a full stop
  • If there are more than 6 authors, cite the first six followed by et. al. or 'and others'

This is how you would cite a book with one author:

In-text:

(1)

Reference list:

1. Cox T. Cultural diversity in organizations. San Francisco, Calif: Berrett-Koehler; 2005.

And this is how you would cite a journal article:

In-text:

(2)

Reference list:

2. Leach P. James Paine's Design for the South Front of Kedleston Hall: Dating and Sources. Architectural History. 1997;40:159.

The list above summarizes the essential rules of Vancouver referencing, but there are many variations within the style which can make it very complicated. But you don't need to worry about getting your Vancouver citations wrong with BibGuru.

Use our Vancouver citation generator above to create the fastest and most accurate Vancouver citations possible.

FAQ

๐Ÿ Why is the Vancouver style called Vancouver?

The Vancouver style was defined in 1978 at the conference of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) in Vancouver, Canada. Therefore, the style took the name of its birth place.

๐Ÿ”ข Can I cite in-text with superscript numbers in Vancouver style?

Yes, one of the citation systems of Vancouver style is to make in-text references with superscript numbers. These numbers are then listed sequentially in a reference list at the end of the paper.

#๏ธโƒฃ Can I cite in-text with numbers in brackets in Vancouver style?

Yes, one of the citation systems of Vancouver style is to make in-text references with numbers in round brackets. These numbers are then listed sequentially in a reference list at the end of the paper.

๐Ÿงฎ How does the sequential citation system of Vancouver style work?

Every source referenced in-text is given a number according to the order in which they are introduced. The same citation number is used whenever the same source is cited throughout the text. These in-text numbers are matched to full, numbered references for each publication in the reference list. Finally, the reference list is sorted sequentially, meaning: in the order the citations appeared in the text, not alphabetically.

๐Ÿ“– Is there an official Vancouver style manual?

Yes, the official Vancouver style is now published in Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (NLM).

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