MHRA citation generator

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MHRA citation generator citation generator

What is a MHRA citation generator and how can it help you?

Getting citations and reference lists correctly done can be very confusing and time-consuming.

The good news is that our MHRA citation generator can do it automatically for you and it is FREE to use! 🎉

Not convinced yet? Here are 5 reasons why you are going to love the BibGuru MHRA citation maker:

🚀 Fast

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👌 Simple and intuitive interface

🎓 MHRA, APA, MLA, Chicago and thousands of other citation styles

🥇 Most accurate citation data

With BibGuru we have made a citation tool that truly helps students to focus on the content of their work instead of worrying about how to get their reference list correctly done.

Those days of wasting time entering data manually or losing grades on incorrect bibliographies are finally gone!

If you need to know more about MHRA citations check out our How do I cite in MHRA style? section.

Why, when, and what do I have to cite?

The broad scientific knowledge we have today is the accomplishment of many researchers over time. To put your own contribution in context, it is important to cite the work of the researchers who influenced you.

Cited sources can provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer important definitions and data. Citing also shows that you have personally read the work.

In addition to crediting the ideas of others that you used to build your own argument, you need to provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not common knowledge.

Common knowledge is knowledge that is known by everyone, or nearly everyone, and can basically concern any subject. An example for common knowledge would be "There are seven days in a week".

The number of sources you cite in your work depends on the intent of the paper. In most cases, you will need to cite one or two of the most representative sources for each key point.

However, if you are working on a review article, the aim is to present to the readers everything that has been written on a topic, so you will need to include a more exhaustive list of citations.

What is the MHRA citation style?

mhra book image

MHRA stands for Modern Humanities Research Association, a UK-based international organization that aims to encourage and promote advanced study and research of humanities. It is best known for publishing the MHRA Style Guide, which can be downloaded for free on their official website (3rd edition).

The MHRA referencing style is mainly used in arts and humanities publications. To cite sources in your text, you use numbers to denote a citation (instead of naming authors in the text). These numbers are linked to a full reference in footnotes (or endnotes) and in your bibliography.

Cited publications are numbered in the order in which they are first referred to in the text. They are usually identified by a superscript number, for example:

In the production process nowadays, skilled labor and computerized machines are used1.

How do I cite in MHRA style?

These are the basic rules of MHRA citations, for more details and examples please refer to our MHRA citation guides (link):

  • Insert a superscript number linked to a footnote each time you quote or paraphrase another person's work
  • When citing a source for the first time, provide the full details in your footnote. After that, citations can be provided in an abbreviated form (author's last name and the first few words of the title, plus a page number if you are citing a specific part of the text)
  • Footnotes and endnotes end with a full stop (make sure to check whether footnotes or endnotes are required in your paper)
  • In the footnotes, author names should be first name followed by last name, for example Philip Roth
  • In the bibliography, author names should be last name followed by first name, e.g. Roth, Philip
  • For up to three authors of a source, give their names in your bibliography, in the order they are shown in the source. For four or more authors, give the name of the first author, followed by 'and others'

How to create a bibliography in MHRA

At the end of your paper, you will have to provide a full bibliography with all the material you have directly cited and read. This is how your bibliography should look like:

  • List your sources in alphabetical order by the last name of the first author
  • Give the first author's name as last name, first name; but subsequent authors as first name, last name. We will give an example below
  • Sources without an author are listed by title in the alphabetical list
  • References in the bibliography do not end with a full stop
  • Indent the second and subsequent lines of each reference in the bibliography (but not in footnotes)
In-text citation examples




1. Giles Worsley, Classical Architecture in Britain: The Heroic Age (London: Published for the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art by Yale University Press, 1995), p. 47.


Worsley, Giles, Classical Architecture in Britain: The Heroic Age (London: Published for the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art by Yale University Press, 1995)

While all the specific rules of the MHRA citation style might sound very complicated, you don't need to worry about getting them wrong with BibGuru.

Use our MHRA citation generator above to create the fastest and most accurate MHRA citations possible.


💵 Is the BibGuru MHRA citation generator free?

Yes, the BibGuru APA citation generator is free.

🎁 How can I create a reference with the BibGuru MHRA citation generator?

You can create a reference in the BibGuru MHRA citation generator by entering the URL/title/doi or any other identifier of your source into the search box, choose a category, click enter, and that's it. You have a 100% correct reference in MHRA style in seconds.

💎 How can I create a reference list with the BibGuru MHRA citation generator?

You can create a reference list in the BibGuru MHRA citation generator by entering all of your sources (one by one) into the main search box, choose the source category of each, click enter, and that's it. BibGuru organizes your references according to MHRA style’s guidelines. All you have to do after is copy and paste the list into your paper.

🦶 Does MHRA style use footnotes?

Yes, MHRA style offers a system that uses footnotes. In fact, the footnotes and bibliography system is the most used version of the MHRA style. This system makes use of superscript numbers as in-text citations, which are connected to a footnote at the bottom of the page. In this footnote the source information is given in full.

😵 Is MHRA style difficult to use?

MHRA is very easy to use with a little help of the BibGuru MHRA citation generator! All you have to do is copy and paste your source into the BibGuru website, and we will generate a completely accurate citation for you.

✒ What font should I use in MHRA style?

MHRA style indicates the use of a serif font such as Times New Roman is the best option. A font like Times New Roman helps avoid confusion of characters, such as upper-case ‘I’ and lower-case ‘l’, which can look almost identical in fonts such as Arial.

✔ Where can I access the official MHRA guidelines for free?

MHRA style has been kind enough to provide the scholarly world with the official MHRA Style Guide 3rd edition PDF file to download for free.

🔚 Does MHRA use endnotes?

Yes, alternatively to footnotes, you can also choose to use endnotes in your paper. Basically, with MHRA style, you have two options: the use of footnotes or endnotes. The MHRA system requires the use of notes in full, either at the end of a paper (endnotes) or at the bottom of each page (footnotes).

Alternative to