APSA citation generator

Cite websites, books, articles, ...

apsa citation generator

Cite websites, books, articles, ...

What is an APSA citation generator and how can it help you?

Getting citations and reference lists correctly done can be very confusing and time-consuming.

The APSA Style Manual, in most instances, follows guidelines from the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition. While the Chicago style comes in two variations, notes and bibliography and author-date, APSA journals employ the author-date style.

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If you need to know more about APSA citations check out our How do I cite in APSA style? section.

Why, when, and what do I have to cite?

The broad scientific knowledge we have today is the accomplishment of many researchers over time. To put your own contribution in context, it is important to cite the work of the researchers who influenced you.

Cited sources can provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer important definitions and data. Citing also shows that you have personally read the work.

In addition to crediting the ideas of others that you used to build your own argument, you need to provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not common knowledge.

Common knowledge is knowledge that is known by everyone, or nearly everyone, and can basically concern any subject. An example for common knowledge would be "There are seven days in a week".

The number of sources you cite in your work depends on the intent of the paper. In most cases, you will need to cite one or two of the most representative sources for each key point.

However, if you are working on a review article, the aim is to present to the readers everything that has been written on a topic, so you will need to include a more exhaustive list of citations.

What is the APSA citation style?

apsa book image

The [Style Manual for Political Science, Revised 2018 Edition](https://mk0apsaconnectbvy6p6.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/43/2018/11/Style-Manual-for-Political-Science-2018.pdf) is published by the APSA (American Political Science Association) and contains style requirements for all APSA membership-wide academic journals. APSA style, in most instances, follows guidelines set forth in the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition.

This guide focuses on the citation and reference list guidelines from the APSA. While the Chicago style details two separate citation styles, the notes and bibliography style and the author-date style, APSA journals employ only the author-date style.

Sources are briefly cited in the text (usually in parentheses, author's last name and year of publication), and matched up with an entry in a reference list with full bibliographic information.

How do I cite in APA style?

A parenthetical citation is set off at the end of a sentence by parentheses. The usual format, which refers to the work and the overall ideas of the work as a whole, requires only the last name of the author(s), editor(s), or translator(s) and the year of publication. There should be no comma placed between the last name and year of publication. For example: (Axler 2017)

Page or chapter numbers must be included for direct quotes, and should be included to point to specific data sets, ideas, or to avoid ambiguity.

When there are two or three authors, cite all names each time and use an "and" in between:

(Halliday, Resnick, and Walker 2013)

When four or more authors are cited, use et al. after the first author's name, even in the first reference.

How do I create my reference list in APSA?

Reference lists must list each source used in the author’s research. Each reference must also explicitly link to at least one parenthetical citation in the manuscript. All references must be listed in alphabetical order.


Axler, Sheldon. 2017. Linear Algebra Done Right. New York: Springer.

Leach, Peter. 1997. "James Paine's Design for the South Front of Kedleston Hall: Dating and Sources." Architectural History 40: 159-70.

While all the specific rules of the APSA citation style might sound very complicated, you don't need to worry about getting them wrong with BibGuru.

Use our APSA citation generator above to create the fastest and most accurate APSA citations possible.


πŸ€” What is the difference between Chicago and APSA style?

APSA (American Political Science Association) style is based on the Chicago citation style. The main difference between Chicago and APSA is the citation system, in Chicago you have the option to choose between author-date or notes-bibliography system, whereas APSA has only the author-date system.

☝️ How does an APSA in-text citation look like?

Since APSA follows an author-date citation system, an in-text citation consists of the author's last name and the date of publication of the source. For example, (Axler 2017), without a comma between the name and the date. For two or three authors, cite all names each time and use an "and" in between: (Halliday, Resnick, and Walker 2013). When four or more authors are cited, use et al. after the first author's name, even in the first reference.

πŸ““ What journals use APSA style for their publications?

All APSA journals require the use of APSA style in manuscript submissions. Some of these journals are: American Political Science Review, PS: Political Science & Politics, Perspectives on Politics and Journal of Political Science Education.

πŸ“˜ Is there an official APSA manual?

Yes, this is the official Style Manual for Political Science, Revised 2018 Edition.

πŸŽ“ Which edition of APSA style should you use?

The updated edition of APSA style is the Revised 2018 edition, available online for free. You can access and download it here: Style Manual for Political Science.

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