How to cite a YouTube video in MLA

MLA YouTube video citation

To cite a YouTube video in a reference entry in MLA style 8th edition include the following elements:

  1. Author(s) or screen name: Give the last name and name as presented in the source (e. g. Watson, John). For two authors, reverse only the first name, followed by ‘and’ and the second name in normal order (e. g. Watson, John, and John Watson). For three or more authors, list the first name followed by et al. (e. g. Watson, John, et al.)
  2. Video title: Titles are italicized when independent. If part of a larger source add quotation marks and do not italize.
  3. Date of publication: Give the day, month and year of publication. All months, excluding June and July, are abbreviated as three letters (e.g. 9 Aug. 2019.)
  4. URL: Copy URL in full from your browser, omit http:// or https:// and do not list URLs created by shortening services.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a YouTube video in MLA style 8th edition:

Author(s) or screen name. "Video title." YouTube, Date of publication, URL.

Take a look at our workd cited examples that demonstrate the MLA style guidelines in action:

Examples

A YouTube video where the creator's real name is not provided

AsapSCIENCE. "How to learn faster." YouTube, 28 Sep. 2017, youtube.com/watch?v=B9SptdjpJBQ.

Note: The creator's real name is not available, the user name is used instead.

A YouTube video where the creator's real name is available

Bialik, Mayim. "The Life Changing Magic of Detective Pikachu." YouTube, 13 June 2019, youtube.com/watch?v=97KJhK-9yvc.

A YouTube video uploaded by a user

"Modern Family Funny Moments." YouTube, uploaded by MIke Arasa, 26 Jan. 2019, youtube.com/watch?v=b9LsHST4E78.

Note: Video uploaded by a user, not by the creator of the video.

MLA in-text citation of a YouToube video

Audio-visual material uses the specific time of the audio/video for in-text citations.

(Last name time) or (Short form of title time).

Examples

A YouTube video where the creator's real name is available

The following scene exemplifies the performers intellectual abilities (Bialik 00:15:43-00:20:07).

A YouTube video without an author

The video clip found on YouTube seems to be one of the most popular throughout the internet (Modern 00:03:40).

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