How to cite a C-SPAN video in MLA

MLA C-SPAN video citation

To cite a C-SPAN video in a reference entry in MLA style 8th edition include the following elements:

  1. Video title: Titles are italicized when independent. If part of a larger source add quotation marks and do not italize.
  2. user's name: Give the name of the user, if the video was not created by C-SPAN.
  3. Date of publication: Give the day, month and year of publication. All months, excluding June and July, are abbreviated as three letters (e.g. 9 Aug. 2019.)
  4. URL: Copy URL in full from your browser, omit http:// or https:// and do not list URLs created by shortening services.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a C-SPAN video in MLA style 8th edition:

"Video title." C-SPAN, uploaded by user's name, Date of publication, URL.

Take a look at our works cited examples that demonstrate the MLA style guidelines in action:

Examples

A regular C-SPAN video

"LULAC Presidential Candidates Forum." C-SPAN, 11 July 2019, c-span.org/video/?462452-1/democratic-presidential-candidates-speak-league-united-latin-american-citizens-forum.

A user-created C-PAN video

"Policing and Criminal Justice Reform." C-SPAN, uploaded by JUSTINM2038, 22 Sept. 2016, c-span.org/video/?c4621378/cite.

MLA in-text citation of a C-SPAN video

Audio-visual material uses the specific time of the audio/video for in-text citations.

(Last name time) or (Short form of title time).

Examples

A regular C-SPAN video

The video exemplifies the agenda of each candidate (LULAC 00:02:07-07:15).

A user-created C-SPAN video

The user-created clip includes the private discussion missing from the TV version (Policing 00:03:05-04:55).

Automatic citations in seconds

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