How to cite an online thesis in Harvard

Harvard online thesis citation

To cite an online thesis in a reference entry in Harvard style include the following elements:

  1. Author(s) of the online thesis: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J.) of up to three authors with the last name preceded by 'and'. For four authors or more include the first name followed by et al., unless your institution requires referencing of all named authors.
  2. Year of submission: Give the year in round brackets.
  3. Title of the online thesis: Give the title as presented in the source. Only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns are capitalized.
  4. Degree description: Type of degree.
  5. Degree-awarding institution: Give the name of the institution.
  6. URL: Give the full URL of the web page including the protocol (http:// or https://).
  7. Date of access: Give the day month and year.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of an online thesis in Harvard style:

Author(s) of the online thesis. (Year of submission) Title of the online thesis. Degree description. Degree-awarding institution. Available at: URL (Accessed: Date of access).

Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the Harvard style guidelines in action:


A master's thesis found in an online platform

Bauger, L. (2011) Personality, Passion, Self-esteem and Psychological Well-being among Junior Elite Athletes in Norway .Master's Thesis. University of Tromsø. Available at: (Accessed: 5 July 2018).

A PhD thesis found in an online platform

Confait, M. F. (2018) Maximising the contributions of PHD graduates to national development: the case of the Seychelles. PhD thesis. Edith Cowan University. Available at: Retrieved from[]( (Accessed: 5 June 2019).

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