How to cite a Tweet in APA

APA tweet citation

To cite a tweet in a reference entry in APA style 6th edition include the following elements:

  1. Author of the tweet: Give the last name and initials of the author (e.g. Gates, B.) or if not an individual the full name (e.g. TAMU Writing Center).
  2. Twitter screen name: Provide the Twitter screen name in square brackets (e.g. [@BillGates] or ‏[@tamuwc]).
  3. Date the tweet was sent: Give the year, month, and day the tweet was sent.
  4. Content of the tweet: Do not italicize. If the tweet does not contain words, give a short description in square brackets.
  5. URL: Give the full URL that leads directly to the tweet.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a tweet in APA style 6th edition:

Author of the tweet. [Twitter screen name] (Date the tweet was sent). Content of the tweet [Tweet]. Retrieved from URL

Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the APA style guidelines in action:


Tweet by an individual author

Gates, B. [@BillGates] (2019, May 9). 2018 National Teacher of the Year @MandyRheaWrites told me about the remarkable resilience of her students. I was inspired by their stories and Mandy’s ability to connect with them: #ThankATeacher [Tweet]. Retrieved from

Tweet by a group author

Education Week [@educationweek] (2019, June 9). See how each state performed on school spending and equity in our latest #QualityCounts installment. [Tweet]. Retrieved from

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This citation style guide is based on the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition).

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